Setting up a VM on Fedora Server using Cloud Images and virt-install version 3

Many servers use one or more virtual machines VMs e.g. to isolate a public service in the best possible way and to protect the host server from compromise. This article explores the possibilities of deploying Fedora Cloud Base images as a VM in an autonomous Fedora 33 Server Edition using version 3 of virt-install. This capability was introduced with Fedora 33 and the new -cloud-init option.

The standard virtualization tool for Fedora Server is libvirt. For a long time the only way to create a virtual Fedora Server instance was to create a libvirt VM and run the standard Anaconda installation. Several tools exist to make this procedure as comfortable and fail-safe as possible e.g. a Cockpit module. The process is pretty straight forward and every Fedora system administrator is used to it.

With the advent of cloud systems came cloud images. These are pre-built ready-to-run virtual servers. Fedora provides specialized images for various cloud systems as well as Fedora Cloud Base image a generic optimized VM. The image image is copied to the server and used by a virtual machine as an operational file system.

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